موسوعة العرب
اليوم: الجمعة 2 ديسمبر 2022 , الساعة: 8:38 م


اخر المشاهدات
اخر مشاريعنا
عالم كيف




محرك البحث


عزيزي زائر دليل الهاتف و بدالة أرقام الإمارات تم إعداد وإختيار هذا الموضوع Indian Air Force فإن كان لديك ملاحظة او توجيه يمكنك مراسلتنا من خلال الخيارات الموجودة بالموضوع.. وكذلك يمكنك زيارة القسم en, وهنا نبذه عنها en وتصفح المواضيع المتنوعه... آخر تحديث للمعلومات بتاريخ اليوم 01/12/2022

Indian Air Force

آخر تحديث منذ 1 يوم و 3 ساعة
4 مشاهدة



From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia


History















Formation and early pilots

The Indian Air Force was established on 8 October 1932 in British India as an auxiliary air force of the Royal Air Force. The enactment of the Indian Air Force Act 1932 stipulated out their auxiliary status and enforced the adoption of the Royal Air Force uniforms badges brevets and insignia. On 1 April 1933 the IAF commissioned its first squadron No.1 Squadron with four Westland Wapiti biplanes and five Indian pilots. The Indian pilots were led by British RAF Commanding officer Flight Lieutenant (later Air Vice Marshal) Cecil Bouchier.


World War II (1939–1945)







During World War II the IAF played an instrumental role in halting the advance of the Japanese army in Burma where the first IAF air strike was executed. The target for this first mission was the Japanese military base in Arakan after which IAF strike missions continued against the Japanese airbases at Mae Hong Son Chiang Mai and Chiang Rai in northern Thailand.

The IAF was mainly involved in strike close air support aerial reconnaissance bomber escort and pathfinding missions for RAF and USAAF heavy bombers. RAF and IAF pilots would train by flying with their non-native air wings to gain combat experience and communication proficiency. Besides operations in the Burma Theatre IAF pilots participated in air operations in North Africa and Europe.

In addition to the IAF many native Indians and some 200 Indians resident in Britain volunteered to join the RAF and Women's Auxiliary Air Force. One such volunteer was Sergeant Shailendra Eknath Sukthankar who served as a navigator with No. 83 Squadron. Sukthankar was commissioned as an officer and on 14 September 1943 received the DFC. Squadron Leader Sukthankar eventually completed 45 operations 14 of them on board the RAF Museum’s Avro Lancaster R5868. Another volunteer was Assistant Section Officer Noor Inayat Khan a Muslim pacifist and Indian nationalist who joined the WAAF in November 1940 to fight against Nazism. Noor Khan served bravely as a secret agent with the Special Operations Executive (SOE) in France but was eventually betrayed and captured. . Many of these Indian airmen were seconded or transferred to the expanding IAF such as Squadron Leader Mohinder Singh Pujji DFC who led No. 4 Squadron IAF in Burma.

During the war the IAF experienced a phase of steady expansion. New aircraft added to the fleet included the US-built Vultee Vengeance Douglas Dakota the British Hawker Hurricane Supermarine Spitfire and Westland Lysander.

In recognition of the valiant service by the IAF King George VI conferred the prefix "Royal" in 1945. Thereafter the IAF was referred to as the Royal Indian Air Force. In 1950 when India became a republic the prefix was dropped and it reverted to being the Indian Air Force.


First years of independence (1947–1950)

After it became independent from the British Empire in 1947 British India was partitioned into the new states of the Dominion of India and the Dominion of Pakistan. Along the lines of the geographical partition the assets of the air force were divided between the new countries. India's air force retained the name of the Royal Indian Air Force but three of the ten operational squadrons and facilities located within the borders of Pakistan were transferred to the Royal Pakistan Air Force. The RIAF Roundel was changed to an interim 'Chakra' roundel derived from the Ashoka Chakra.

Around the same time conflict broke out between them over the control of the princely state of Jammu & Kashmir. With Pakistani forces moving into the state its Maharaja decided to accede to India in order to receive military help. The day after the Instrument of Accession was signed the RIAF was called upon to transport troops into the war zone. And this was when a good management of logistics came into help. This led to the eruption of full-scale war between India and Pakistan though there was no formal declaration of war. During the war the RIAF did not engage the Pakistan Air Force in air-to-air combat; however it did provide effective transport and close air support to the Indian troops.

When India became a republic in 1950 the prefix 'Royal' was dropped from the Indian Air Force. At the same time the current IAF roundel was adopted.


Congo crisis and Annexation of Goa (1960–1961)

The IAF saw significant conflict in 1960 when Belgium's 75-year rule over Congo ended abruptly engulfing the nation in widespread violence and rebellion. The IAF activated No. 5 Squadron equipped with English Electric Canberra to support the United Nations Operation in the Congo. The squadron started undertaking operational missions in November. The unit remained there until 1966 when the UN mission ended. Operating from Leopoldville and Kamina the Canberras soon destroyed the rebel Air Force and provided the UN ground forces with its only long-range air support force.

In late 1961 the Indian government decided to attack the Portuguese colony of Goa after years of disagreement between New Delhi and Lisbon. The Indian Air Force was requested to provide support elements to the ground force in what was called Operation Vijay. Probing flights by some fighters and bombers were carried out from 8–18 December to draw out the Portuguese Air Force but to no avail. On 18 December two waves of Canberra bombers bombed the runway of Dabolim airfield taking care not to bomb the Terminals and the ATC tower. Two Portuguese transport aircraft (a Super Constellation and a DC-6) found on the airfield were left alone so that they could be captured intact. However the Portuguese pilots managed to take off the aircraft from the still damaged airfield and made their getaway to Portugal. Hunters attacked the wireless station at Bambolim. Vampires were used to provide air support to the ground forces. In Daman Mystères were used to strike Portuguese gun positions. Ouragans (called Toofanis in the IAF) bombed the runways at Diu and destroyed the control tower wireless station and the meteorological station. After the Portuguese surrendered the former colony was integrated into India.


Border disputes and changes in the IAF (1962–1971)







In 1962 border disagreements between China and India escalated to a war when China mobilised its troops across the Indian border. During the Sino-Indian War India's military planners failed to deploy and effectively use the IAF against the invading Chinese forces. This resulted in India losing a significant amount of advantage to the Chinese; especially in Jammu and Kashmir.

On 24 April 1965 an Indian Ouragan strayed over the Pakistani border and was forced to land by a Pakistani Lockheed F-104 Starfighter the pilot was returned to India; however the captured aircraft would be kept by the Pakistan Air Force and ended up being displayed at the PAF museum in Peshawar.

Three years after the Sino-Indian conflict in 1965 Pakistan launched Operation Gibraltar strategy of Pakistan to infiltrate Jammu and Kashmir and start a rebellion against Indian rule. This came to be known as the Second Kashmir War. This was the first time the IAF actively engaged an enemy air force. However instead of providing close air support to the Indian Army the IAF carried out independent raids against PAF bases. These bases were situated deep inside Pakistani territory making IAF fighters vulnerable to anti-aircraft fire. During the course of the conflict the PAF enjoyed technological superiority over the IAF and had achieved substantial strategic and tactical advantage due to the suddenness of the attack and advanced state of their air force. The IAF was restrained by the government from retaliating to PAF attacks in the eastern sector while a substantive part of its combat force was deployed there and could not be transferred to the western sector against the possibility of Chinese intervention. Moreover international (UN) stipulations and norms did not permit military force to be introduced into the Indian state of J&K beyond what was agreed during the 1949 ceasefire. Despite this the IAF was able to prevent the PAF from gaining air superiority over conflict zones. The small and nimble IAF Folland Gnats proved effective against the F-86 Sabres of the PAF earning it the nickname "Sabre Slayers".[citation needed] By the time the conflict had ended the IAF lost 60–70 aircraft while the PAF lost 43 aircraft. More than 60% of IAF's aircraft losses took place in Ground Attack missions to enemy ground-fire since fighter-bomber aircraft would carry out repeated dive attacks on the same target. According to Air Chief Marshal Arjan Singh of the Indian Air Force despite having been qualitatively inferior IAF achieved air superiority in three days in the 1965 War.

After the 1965 war the IAF underwent a series of changes to improve its capabilities. In 1966 the Para Commandos regiment was created. To increase its logistics supply and rescue operations ability the IAF inducted 72 HS 748s which were built by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) under licence from Avro. India started to put more stress on indigenous manufacture of fighter aircraft. As a result HAL HF-24 Marut designed by the famed German aerospace engineer Kurt Tank were inducted into the air force. HAL also started developing an improved version of the Folland Gnat known as HAL Ajeet. At the same time the IAF also started inducting Mach 2 capable Soviet MiG-21 and Sukhoi Su-7 fighters.


Bangladesh Liberation War (1971)

By late 1971 the intensification of the independence movement in East Pakistan lead to the Bangladesh Liberation War between India and Pakistan. On 22 November 1971 10 days before the start of a full-scale war four PAF F-86 Sabre jets attacked Indian and Mukti Bahini positions at Garibpur near the international border. Two of the four PAF Sabres were shot down and one damaged by the IAF's Folland Gnats. On 3 December India formally declared war against Pakistan following massive preemptive strikes by the PAF against Indian Air Force installations in Srinagar Ambala Sirsa Halwara and Jodhpur. However the IAF did not suffer significantly because the leadership had anticipated such a move and precautions were taken. The Indian Air Force was quick to respond to Pakistani air strikes following which the PAF carried out mostly defensive sorties.

Within the first two weeks the IAF had carried out almost 12 000 sorties over East Pakistan and also provided close air support to the advancing Indian Army. IAF also assisted the Indian Navy in its operations against the Pakistani Navy and Maritime Security Agency in the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea. On the western front the IAF destroyed more than 20 Pakistani tanks 4 APCs and a supply train during the Battle of Longewala. The IAF undertook strategic bombing of West Pakistan by carrying out raids on oil installations in Karachi the Mangla Dam and a gas plant in Sindh. Similar strategy was also deployed in East Pakistan and as the IAF achieved complete air superiority on the eastern front the ordnance factories runways and other vital areas of East Pakistan were severely damaged. By the time Pakistani forces surrendered the IAF destroyed 94 PAF Aircraft
The IAF was able to conduct a wide range of missions – troop support; air combat; deep penetration strikes; para-dropping behind enemy lines; feints to draw enemy fighters away from the actual target; bombing; and reconnaissance. In contrast the Pakistan Air Force which was solely focused on air combat was blown out of the subcontinent's skies within the first week of the war. Those PAF aircraft that survived took refuge at Iranian air bases or in concrete bunkers refusing to offer a fight. Hostilities officially ended at 14:30 GMT on 17 December after the fall of Dacca on 15 December. India claimed large gains of territory in West Pakistan (although pre-war boundaries were recognised after the war) and the independence of Pakistan's East wing as Bangladesh was confirmed. The IAF had flown over 16 000 sorties on both East and West fronts; including sorties by transport aircraft and helicopters. while the PAF flew about 30 and 2 840. More than 80 per cent of the IAF's sorties were close-support and interdiction and according to neutral assessments about 45 IAF Aircraft were lost while Pakistan lost 75 aircraft. Not including any F-6s Mirage IIIs or the six Jordanian F-104s which failed to return to their donors. But the imbalance in air losses was explained by the IAF's considerably higher sortie rate and its emphasis on ground-attack missions. On the ground Pakistan suffered most with 9 000 killed and 25 000 wounded while India lost 3 000 dead and 12 000 wounded. The loss of armoured vehicles was similarly imbalanced. This represented a major defeat for Pakistan. Towards the end of the war IAF's transport planes dropped leaflets over Dhaka urging the Pakistani forces to surrender demoralising Pakistani troops in East Pakistan.


Incidents before Kargil (1984–1988)

In 1984 India launched Operation Meghdoot to capture the Siachen Glacier in the contested Kashmir region. In Op Meghdoot IAF's Mi-8 Chetak and Cheetah helicopters airlifted hundreds of Indian troops to Siachen. Launched on 13 April 1984 this military operation was unique because of Siachen's inhospitable terrain and climate. The military action was successful given the fact that under a previous agreement neither Pakistan nor India had stationed any personnel in the area. With India's successful Operation Meghdoot it gained control of the Siachen Glacier. India has established control over all of the 70 kilometres (43 mi) long Siachen Glacier and all of its tributary glaciers as well as the three main passes of the Saltoro Ridge immediately west of the glacier—Sia La Bilafond La and Gyong La. Pakistan controls the glacial valleys immediately west of the Saltoro Ridge. According to TIME magazine India gained more than 3 000 square kilometres (1 000 sq mi) of territory because of its military operations in Siachen.

Following the inability to negotiate an end to the Sri Lankan Civil War and to provide humanitarian aid through an unarmed convoy of ships the Indian Government decided to carry out an airdrop of the humanitarian supplies on the evening of 4 June 1987 designated Operation Poomalai (Tamil: Garland) or Eagle Mission 4. Five An-32s escorted by four Mirage 2000 of 7 Sqn AF 'The Battleaxes' carried out the supply drop which faced no opposition from the Sri Lankan Armed Forces. Another Mirage 2000 orbited 150 km away acting as an airborne relay of messages to the entire fleet since they would be outside radio range once they descended to low levels. The Mirage 2000 escort formation was led by Wg Cdr Ajit Bhavnani with Sqn Ldrs Bakshi NA Moitra and JS Panesar as his team members and Sqn Ldr KG Bewoor as the relay pilot. Sri Lanka accused India of "blatant violation of sovereignty". India insisted that it was acting only on humanitarian grounds.

In 1987 the IAF supported the Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF) in northern and eastern Sri Lanka in Operation Pawan. About 70 000 sorties were flown by the IAF's transport and helicopter force in support of nearly 100 000 troops and paramilitary forces without a single aircraft lost or mission aborted. IAF An-32s maintained a continuous air link between air bases in South India and Northern Sri Lanka transporting men equipment rations and evacuating casualties. Mi-8s supported the ground forces and also provided air transportation to the Sri Lankan civil administration during the elections. Mi-25s of No. 125 Helicopter Unit were utilised to provide suppressive fire against militant strong points and to interdict coastal and clandestine riverine traffic.

On the night of 3 November 1988 the Indian Air Force mounted special operations to airlift a parachute battalion group from Agra non-stop over 2 000 kilometres (1 200 mi) to the remote Indian Ocean archipelago of the Maldives in response to Maldivian president Gayoom's request for military help against a mercenary invasion in Operation Cactus. The IL-76s of No. 44 Squadron landed at Hulhule at 0030 hours and the Indian paratroopers secured the airfield and restored Government rule at Male within hours. Four Mirage 2000 aircraft of 7 Sqn led by Wg Cdr AV 'Doc' Vaidya carried out a show of force early that morning making low-level passes over the islands.


Kargil War (1999)

On 11 May 1999 the Indian Air Force was called in to provide close air support to the Indian Army at the height of the ongoing Kargil conflict with the use of helicopters. The IAF strike was code named Operation Safed Sagar. The first strikes were launched on 26 May when the Indian Air Force struck infiltrator positions with fighter aircraft and helicopter gunships. The initial strikes saw MiG-27s carrying out offensive sorties with MiG-21s and later MiG-29s providing fighter cover. The IAF also deployed its radars and the MiG-29 fighters in vast numbers to keep check on Pakistani military movements across the border. Srinagar Airport was at this time closed to civilian air-traffic and dedicated to the Indian Air Force.

On 27 May the Indian Air Force suffered its first fatality when it lost a MiG-21 and a MiG-27 in quick succession. The following day while on an offensive sortie a Mi-17 was shot down by three Stinger missiles and lost its entire crew of four. Following these losses the IAF immediately withdrew helicopters from offensive roles as a measure against the threat of Man-portable air-defence systems (MANPAD). On 30 May the Mirage 2000s were introduced in offensive capability as they were deemed better in performance under the high-altitude conditions of the conflict zone. Mirage 2000s were not only better equipped to counter the MANPAD threat compared to the MiGs but also gave IAF the ability to carry out aerial raids at night. The MiG-29s were used extensively to provide fighter escort to the Mirage 2000. Radar transmissions of Pakistani F-16s were picked up repeatedly but these aircraft stayed away. The Mirages successfully targeted enemy camps and logistic bases in Kargil and severely disrupted their supply lines. Mirage 2000s were used for strikes on Muntho Dhalo and the heavily defended Tiger Hill and paved the way for their early recapture. At the height of the conflict the IAF was conducting over forty sorties daily over the Kargil region. By 26 July the Indian forces had successfully repulsed the Pakistani forces from Kargil.


Post Kargil incidents (1999–present)

Since the late 1990s the Indian Air Force has been modernising its fleet to counter challenges in the new century. The fleet size of the IAF has decreased to 33 squadrons during this period because of the retirement of older aircraft. Still India maintains the fourth largest air force in the world. The IAF plans to raise its strength to 42 squadrons. Self-reliance is the main aim that is being pursued by the defence research and manufacturing agencies.

On 10 August 1999 IAF MiG-21s intercepted a Pakistan Navy Breguet Atlantique which was flying over Sir Creek a disputed territory. The aircraft was shot down killing all 16 Pakistani Navy personnel on board. India claimed that the Atlantic was on a mission to gather information on IAF air defence a charge emphatically rejected by Pakistan which argued that the unarmed aircraft was on a training mission.

On 2 August 2002 the Indian Air Force bombed Pakistani posts along the Line of Control in the Kel sector following inputs about Pakistani military buildup near the sector.

On 20 August 2013 the Indian Air Force created a world record by performing the highest landing of a C-130J at the Daulat Beg Oldi airstrip in Ladakh at the height of 5 065 metres (16 617 ft). The medium-lift aircraft will be used to deliver troops supplies and improve communication networks. The aircraft belonged to the Veiled Vipers squadron based at Hindon Air Force Station.

On 13 July 2014 two MiG-21s were sent from Jodhpur Air Base to investigate a Turkish Airlines aircraft over Jaisalmer when it repeated an identification code provided by another commercial passenger plane that had already entered Indian airspace before it. The flights were on their way to Mumbai and Delhi and the planes were later allowed to proceed after their credentials were verified.


2019 Balakot airstrike







Following heightened tensions between India and Pakistan after the 2019 Pulwama attack that was carried out by Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) which killed forty-six servicemen of the Central Reserve Police Force a group of twelve Mirage 2000 fighter planes from the Indian Air Force carried out air strikes on alleged JeM bases in Chakothi and Muzaffarabad in the Pakistan-administered Kashmir. Furthermore the Mirage 2000s targeted an alleged JeM training camp in Balakot a town in the Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Pakistan claimed that the Indian aircraft had only dropped bombs in the forest area demolishing pine trees near the Jaba village which is 19 kilometres (12 mi) away from Balakot
and Indian officials claimed to bomb and kill a large number of terrorists in the airstrike.


2019 India–Pakistan standoff







On 27 February 2019 in retaliation for the IAF bombing of an alleged terrorist hideout in Balakot a group of PAF Mirage-5 and JF-17 fighters allegedly conducted an airstrike against certain ground targets across the Line of Control. They were intercepted by a group of IAF fighters consisting of Su-30MKI and MiG-21 jets. An ensuing dogfight began. According to India one PAF F-16 was shot down by an IAF MIG-21 piloted by Abhinandan Varthaman while Pakistan denied use of F-16s in the operation. According to Pakistan a MiG-21 and a Su30MKI were shot down while India claims that only the MiG-21 was shot down. While the downed MiG-21's pilot had ejected successfully he landed in Pakistan-administered Kashmir and was captured by the Pakistan military. Before his capture he was assaulted by a few locals. After a couple of days of captivity the captured pilot was released by Pakistan per Third Geneva convention obligations. While Pakistan denied involvement of any of its F-16 aircraft in the strike the IAF presented remnants of AMRAAM missiles that are only carried by the F-16s within the PAF as proof of their involvement. The US-based ''Foreign Policy'' magazine quoting unnamed US officials reported in April 2019 that an audit didn't find any Pakistani F-16s missing. However the same has not been confirmed by US Official citing it as bilateral matter between US and Pakistan


Structure



The President of India is the Supreme Commander of all Indian armed forces and by virtue of that fact is the national Commander-in-chief of the Air Force. The Chief of the Air Staff with the rank of Air chief marshal is the Commander

































Post
Current Holder
Chief of the Air Staff
Air Chief Marshal Rakesh Kumar Singh Bhadauria PVSM AVSM VM ADC
Vice Chief of the Air Staff
Air Marshal Harjit Singh Arora PVSM AVSM ADC
Deputy Chief of the Air Staff
Air Marshal Sandeep Singh AVSM VM
Air Officer in Charge of Administration
Air Marshal Vijay Pal Singh Rana VSM
Air Officer in Charge of Personnel
Air Marshal Richard John Duckworth AVSM VSM
Air Officer in Charge of Maintenance
Air Marshal Vibhas Pande VSM
Director General of Inspection and Flight Safety
Air Marshal Gurcharan Singh Bedi AVSM VM VSM
Director General of Medical Services (Air)
Air Marshal Prashant Bharadwaj VSM

In January 2002 the government conferred the rank of Marshal of the Indian Air Force on Arjan Singh making him the first and only Five-star officer with the Indian Air Force and ceremonial chief of the air force.


Commands

The Indian Air Force is divided into five operational and two functional commands. Each Command is headed by an Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief with the rank of Air Marshal. The purpose of an operational command is to conduct military operations using aircraft within its area of responsibility whereas the responsibility of functional commands is to maintain combat readiness. Aside from the Training Command at Bangalore the primary flight training is done at the Air Force Academy (located in Hyderabad) followed by operational training at various other schools. Advanced officer training for command positions is also conducted at the Defence Services Staff College; specialised advanced flight training schools are located at Bidar Karnataka and Hakimpet Telangana (also the location for helicopter training). Technical schools are found at a number of other locations.

































Name Headquarters Commander
Central Air Command (CAC) Prayagraj Uttar Pradesh
Air Marshal Amit Tiwari PSVM AVSM VM
Eastern Air Command (EAC) Shillong Meghalaya
Air Marshal Amit Dev AVSM VM
Southern Air Command (SAC) Thiruvananthapuram Kerala
Air Marshal Manavendra Singh AVSM VrC VSM
South Western Air Command (SWAC) Gandhinagar Gujarat
Air Marshal Surendra Kumar Ghotia PVSM VSM
Western Air Command (WAC) New Delhi
Air Marshal Vivek Ram Chaudhari PSVM AVSM VM
Training Command (TC)+ Bangalore Karnataka
Air Marshal Rajiv Dayal Mathur PVSM AVSM VSM
Maintenance Command (MC)+ Nagpur Maharashtra
Air Marshal Shashiker Choudhary VSM

Note: + = Functional Command


Wings

A wing is a formation intermediate between a command and a squadron. It generally consists of two or three IAF squadrons and helicopter units along with forward base support units (FBSU). FBSUs do not have or host any squadrons or helicopter units but act as transit airbases for routine operations. In times of war they can become fully fledged air bases playing host to various squadrons. In all about 47 wings and 19 FBSUs make up the IAF. Wings are typically commanded by an air commodore.


Stations







Within each operational command are anywhere from nine to sixteen bases or stations. Smaller than wings but similarly organised stations are static units commanded by a group captain. A station typically has one wing and one or two squadrons assigned to it.


Squadrons and units

Squadrons are the field units and formations attached to static locations. Thus a flying squadron or unit is a sub-unit of an air force station which carries out the primary task of the IAF. A fighter squadron consists of 18 aircraft; all fighter squadrons are headed by a commanding officer with the rank of wing commander. Some transport squadrons and helicopter units are headed by a commanding officer with the rank of group captain.


Flights

Flights are sub-divisions of squadrons commanded by a squadron leader. Each flight consists of two sections.


Sections

The smallest unit is the section led by a flight lieutenant. Each section consists of three aircraft.

Within this formation structure IAF has several service branches for day-to-day operations. They are:







Flying Branch
  • Flying


Technical Branch
  • Engineering


Ground Branch
  • Logistics

  • Administration

  • Accounts

  • Education

  • Medical & Dental

  • Meteorological



Garud Commando Force







The Garud commandos are the special forces of the Indian Air Force (IAF). Their tasks include counter-terrorism hostage rescue providing security to IAF's vulnerably located assets and various air force-specific special operations. First conceived in 2002 this unit was officially established on February 6 2004.

All Garuds are volunteers who are imparted a 52-week basic training which includes a three-month probation followed by special operations training basic airborne training and other warfare and survival skills. The last phase of basic training sees Garuds been deployed to get combat experience. Advanced training follows which includes specialised weapons training.

The mandated tasks of the Garuds include direct action special reconnaissance rescuing downed pilots in hostile territory establishing airbases in hostile territory and providing air-traffic control to these airbases. The Garuds also undertake suppression of enemy air defences and the destruction of other enemy assets such as radars evaluation of the outcomes of Indian airstrikes and use laser designators to guide Indian airstrikes.

The security of IAF installations and assets are usually performed by the Air Force Police and the Defence Security Corps even though some critical assets are protected by the Garuds.


Integrated Space Cell







An Integrated Space Cell which will be jointly operated by all the three services of the Indian armed forces the civilian Department of Space and the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has been set up to utilise more effectively the country's space-based assets for military purposes. This command will leverage space technology including satellites. Unlike an aerospace command where the air force controls most of its activities the Integrated Space Cell envisages co-operation and co-ordination between the three services as well as civilian agencies dealing with space.

India currently has 10 remote sensing satellites in orbit. Though most are not meant to be dedicated military satellites some have a spatial resolution of 1 metre (3 ft 3 in) or below which can be also used for military applications. Noteworthy satellites include the Technology Experiment Satellite (TES) which has a panchromatic camera (PAN) with a resolution of 1 metre (3 ft 3 in) the RISAT-2 which is capable of imaging in all-weather conditions and has a resolution of 1 metre (3 ft 3 in) the CARTOSAT-2 CARTOSAT-2A and CARTOSAT-2B which carries a panchromatic camera which has a resolution of 800 millimetres or 31 inches (black and white only).


Display teams







The Surya Kiran Aerobatic Team (SKAT) (Surya Kiran is Sanskrit for Sun Rays) is an aerobatics demonstration team of the Indian Air Force. They were formed in 1996 and are successors to the Thunderbolts. The team has a total of 13 pilots (selected from the fighter stream of the IAF) and operate 9 HAL HJT-16 Kiran Mk.2 trainer aircraft painted in a "day-glo orange" and white colour scheme. The Surya Kiran team were conferred squadron status in 2006 and presently have the designation of 52 Squadron ("The Sharks"). The team is based at the Indian Air Force Station at Bidar. The IAF has begun the process of converting Surya Kirans to BAE Hawks.

Sarang (Sanskrit for Peacock) is the Helicopter Display Team of the Indian Air Force. The team was formed in October 2003 and their first public performance was at the Asian Aerospace Show Singapore 2004. The team flies four HAL Dhruvs painted in red and white with a peacock figure at each side of the fuselage. The team is based at the Sulur Air Force Station Coimbatore.


Land-based missile systems



Surface-To Air Missiles

The air force operates twenty-five squadrons of S-125 Pechora six squadrons of 9K33 Osa-AK ten flights of 9K38 Igla-1 eight squadrons of Akash along with a single squadron of SPYDER for air defence. Six squadrons of Akash were ordered in 2010 and an order for seven more squadrons is planned. An order for eighteen SPYDER systems was placed in 2008 which is expected to be organised into a total of four squadrons.


Ballistic missiles

The IAF currently operates the Prithvi-II short-range ballistic missile (SRBM). The Prithvi-II is an IAF-specific variant of the Prithvi ballistic missile.


Aircraft inventory















Current Inventory












































































































































































































































































































Aircraft
Origin
Type
Variant
In service
Notes
Combat Aircraft
Dassault Rafale
France
Multirole
EH/DH
23
13 more on order To be delivered by December 2021.
Sukhoi Su-30
Russia
Multirole
Su-30MKI
272

MiG-29
Russia
Multirole
MiG-29UPG
69

HAL Tejas
India
Multirole
Mk.1
20
20 on order
Mk.1A

83 on order
Mirage 2000
France
Multirole
2000 H/I
49

SEPECAT Jaguar
United Kingdom
Ground attack
IM/IS
120
60 to be upgraded to DARIN 3 std. To be armed with Swarm Drones under Jaguar Max upgrade.
MiG-21
Soviet Union
Interceptor
Bison
108
Will be retired by 2025
AWACS
Embraer EMB-145
Brazil
AEW&C

3
Equipped with a DRDO-developed AEW&C system
Beriev A-50
Soviet Union
AEW&C
A-50EI
3
Equipped with the EL/W-2090 radar – 2 on order
Reconnaissance
Boeing 707
United States
Surveillance

1

Global 5000
United States
ELINT

2

Gulfstream G100
Israel
Surveillance
1125 Astra
2

Electronic Warfare
Gulfstream III
United States
EW / ELINT
SRA
3

Tanker
Ilyushin Il-78
Soviet Union
Aerial refueling
Il-78MKI
6
Equipped with Israeli fuel-transfer system
Transport
Ilyushin Il-76
Soviet Union
Strategic airlifter
Il-76MD
17

Boeing C-17
United States
Strategic airlifter

11

C-130J Super Hercules
United States
Tactical airlifter
C-130J-30
12

Antonov An-32
Ukraine
Transport
An-32/32RE
104
53 are 32RE variant.
Hawker Siddeley HS 748
United Kingdom
Transport

57
To be replaced by Airbus C-295 transport aircraft.
Dornier 228
Germany
Utility
228–201
50
4 on order.
Boeing 777
United States
VIP transport
777-300ER
2
Used as Air India One for presidential flight.
Boeing 737
United States
VIP transport
737–700
3

Embraer Legacy 600
Brazil
VIP transport

4

Helicopters
HAL Light Combat Helicopter
India
Attack

2
65 planned.
Boeing AH-64 Apache
United States
Attack
AH-64E
22

Mil Mi-24
Russia
Attack
Mi-24/25/35
15

HAL Rudra
India
Armed

16

CH-47 Chinook
United States
Heavy transport
CH-47F
15

Mil Mi-26
Russia
Heavy transport

3
Flown to Russia for overhaul
Mil Mi-17
Russia
Utility transport
Mi-17V-5
223

HAL Dhruv
India
Utility

123
12 on order.
HAL Chetak
France / India
Light utility

77
License-built version of the Alouette III.
HAL Cheetah
France / India
Light utility

17
License-built version of the SA315B Lama.
Trainer Aircraft
Pilatus PC-7
Switzerland
Basic trainer
Mk II
75

HAL Kiran
India
Intermediate Trainer

78

BAE Hawk
United Kingdom
Advanced jet trainer
Hawk 132
104

SEPECAT Jaguar
United Kingdom / France
Conversion trainer
IB
30

Mikoyan MiG-21
Soviet Union
Conversion trainer
U/UM
39

UAV
شاركنا رأيك

 
التعليقات

لم يعلق احد حتى الآن .. كن اول من يعلق بالضغط هنا

أقسام دليل الهاتف و بدالة أرقام الإمارات متنوعة en و عملت لخدمة الزائر ليسهل عليه تصفح الموقع بسلاسة وأخذ المعلومات تصفح هذا الموضوع Indian Air Force ويمكنك مراسلتنا في حال الملاحظات او التعديل او الإضافة او طلب حذف الموضوع ...آخر تعديل اليوم 01/12/2022





عربي


اعلانات خليجي


الأكثر قراءة