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عزيزي زائر دليل الهاتف و بدالة أرقام الإمارات تم إعداد وإختيار هذا الموضوع First Lord of the Treasury فإن كان لديك ملاحظة او توجيه يمكنك مراسلتنا من خلال الخيارات الموجودة بالموضوع.. وكذلك يمكنك زيارة القسم en, وهنا نبذه عنها en وتصفح المواضيع المتنوعه... آخر تحديث للمعلومات بتاريخ اليوم 30/11/2022

First Lord of the Treasury

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From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

Notes



List of first lords (1714–1905)








Much of this list overlaps with the list of prime ministers of the United Kingdom but there are some notable differences principally concerning Lord Salisbury who was prime minister but not first lord in 1885–86 1887–92 and 1895–1902. Those first lords who were simultaneously prime minister are indicated in bold; those who were considered prime minister only during part of their term are indicated in bold italic.




























































































































































































































































































































































Name
Entered office
Left office
Party

The Earl of Halifax
13 October 1714
19 May 1715
Whig

The Earl of Carlisle
23 May 1715
10 October 1715
Whig

Robert Walpole
10 October 1715
12 April 1717
Whig

The Earl Stanhope
12 April 1717
21 March 1718
Whig

The Earl of Sunderland
21 March 1718
4 April 1721
Whig

Sir Robert Walpole
4 April 1721
11 February 1742
Whig

The Earl of Wilmington
16 February 1742
2 July 1743
Whig

Henry Pelham
27 August 1743
6 March 1754
Whig

The Duke of Newcastle
16 March 1754
16 November 1756
Whig

The Duke of Devonshire
16 November 1756
8 June 1757
Whig

The Earl Waldegrave
8 June 1757
12 June 1757
Whig

The Duke of Devonshire
12 June 1757
25 June 1757
Whig

The Duke of Newcastle
2 July 1757
26 May 1762
Whig

The Earl of Bute
26 May 1762
16 April 1763
Tory

George Grenville
16 April 1763
13 July 1765
Whig

The Marquess of Rockingham
13 July 1765
30 July 1766
Whig

The Duke of Grafton[a]
30 July 1766
28 January 1770
Whig

Lord North
28 January 1770
22 March 1782
Tory

The Marquess of Rockingham
27 March 1782
1 July 1782
Whig

The Earl of Shelburne
4 July 1782
2 April 1783
Whig

The Duke of Portland
2 April 1783
19 December 1783
Whig

William Pitt the Younger
19 December 1783
14 March 1801
Tory

Henry Addington
17 March 1801
10 May 1804
Tory

William Pitt the Younger
10 May 1804
23 January 1806
Tory

The Lord Grenville
11 February 1806
31 March 1807
Whig

The Duke of Portland
31 March 1807
4 October 1809
Whig

Spencer Perceval
4 October 1809
11 May 1812
Tory

The Earl of Liverpool
9 June 1812
10 April 1827
Tory

George Canning
10 April 1827
8 August 1827
Tory

The Viscount Goderich
31 August 1827
22 January 1828
Tory

The Duke of Wellington
22 January 1828
22 November 1830
Tory

The Earl Grey
22 November 1830
16 July 1834
Whig

The Viscount Melbourne
16 July 1834
14 November 1834
Whig

The Duke of Wellington
14 November 1834
10 December 1834
Tory

Sir Robert Peel
10 December 1834
8 April 1835
Tory

The Viscount Melbourne
18 April 1835
30 August 1841
Whig

Sir Robert Peel
30 August 1841
29 June 1846
Conservative

Lord John Russell
30 June 1846
23 February 1852
Whig

The Earl of Derby
23 February 1852
19 December 1852
Conservative

The Earl of Aberdeen
19 December 1852
6 February 1855
Peelite

The Viscount Palmerston
6 February 1855
20 February 1858
Liberal

The Earl of Derby
20 February 1858
12 June 1859
Conservative

The Viscount Palmerston
12 June 1859
18 October 1865
Liberal

The Earl Russell
29 October 1865
28 June 1866
Liberal

The Earl of Derby
28 June 1866
27 February 1868
Conservative

Benjamin Disraeli
27 February 1868
3 December 1868
Conservative

William Ewart Gladstone
3 December 1868
20 February 1874
Liberal

Benjamin Disraeli[b]
20 February 1874
23 April 1880
Conservative

William Ewart Gladstone
23 April 1880
23 June 1885
Liberal

The Earl of Iddesleigh
29 June 1885
1 February 1886
Conservative

William Ewart Gladstone
1 February 1886
25 July 1886
Liberal

The Marquess of Salisbury[c]
3 August 1886
14 January 1887
Conservative

William Henry Smith
14 January 1887
6 October 1891
Conservative

Arthur Balfour
6 October 1891
15 August 1892
Conservative

William Ewart Gladstone
15 August 1892
5 March 1894
Liberal

The Earl of Rosebery
5 March 1894
25 June 1895
Liberal

Arthur Balfour[d]
25 June 1895
5 December 1905
Conservative

Thereafter the posts of first lord and prime minister have continually been held by the same person (see List of prime ministers of the United Kingdom § 20th century).


Official residence








10 Downing Street is the official residence of the first lord of the Treasury not the office of prime minister. Chequers a country house in Buckinghamshire is the official country residence of the prime minister used as a weekend and holiday home although the residence has also been used by other senior members of government.[citation needed]


Lords of the Treasury


As of the beginning of the 17th century the running of the Treasury was frequently entrusted to a commission rather than to a single individual. Since 1714 it has permanently been in commission. The commissioners have always since that date been referred to as Lords Commissioners of the Treasury and adopted ordinal numbers to describe their seniority. Eventually in the middle of the same century the first lord of the Treasury came to be seen as the natural head of the overall ministry running the country and as of the time of Robert Walpole (Whig) began to be known unofficially as the prime minister.

The term prime minister was initially but decreasingly used as a term of derogation; it was first used officially in a royal warrant only in 1905.[which?] William Pitt the Younger said the prime minister "ought to be the person at the head of the finances"—though Pitt also served as chancellor of the exchequer for the entirety of his time as prime minister so his linkage of the finance portfolio to the premiership was wider than merely proposing the occupation of the first lordship by the prime minister.

Prior to 1841 the first lord of the Treasury also held the office of chancellor of the exchequer unless he was a peer and thus barred from that office; in this case the second lord of the Treasury usually served as chancellor. As of 1841 the chancellor has always been second lord of the Treasury when he was not also prime minister. By convention the other Lords Commissioners of the Treasury are also Government Whips in the House of Commons.

See also



simple explanation






First Lord of the Treasury






Incumbent
Boris Johnson

since 24 July 2019
Residence10 Downing Street
SeatWestminster
AppointerMonarch
Term lengthAt Her Majesty's pleasure
Formation
  • 1126.mw-parser-output .block-indent{padding-left:3em;padding-right:0;overflow:hidden}
  • 1612
    (as First Lord of the Commission of the Treasury)
  • 1714
    (commission permanent since resignation of the 1st Duke of Shrewsbury)
First holder
DeputySecond Lord of the Treasury
WebsiteGov.uk